Welcome to myjunction ~ the junction for junctionites!

Wednesday, September 26, 2007

Understanding the Internet

Techno-geek is back ...........

Since we are an eCommerce company, I will share a primer on the Internet and Internet terminology.

The Internet architecture is based on 7 layers which are the physical, data, network, transport, session and application layers. Information travels around the world as electrical signals called "bits" and "bytes". A full unit of information is enclosed in a "packet" which travels as "frames" made up of these bits and bytes. Packets of information are diverted around the internet by devices like "routers, switches and hubs".

Packets are transported through OFCs (Optical Fiber Cables) or Twisted Copper Cables. Internet communication is governed by protocols the most dominant of which is TCP/IP. Transport Control Protocol (TCP) runs on the transport layer of the internet while the IP protocol runs on the network layer of the internet.

Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application level protocol on the internet and works directly on your internet browser. Application level communication is always sent and received through "ports and sockets". Information on the Internet is stored in huge specialized machines called "servers". Every request and response we get is from these network of servers.

Each device on the Internet has its own unique IP Address. Addresses are distributed by an organization called Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (www.icann.org). The World Wide Web Consortium (www.w3.org) is the organization which standardizes all the rules ruling the Internet.

Techno-geek hopes this bit of education is a good start in understanding the virtual world..........Take care !!

No comments: